Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

The Papillomaviridae is a family of small non-enveloped viruses with a double-stranded circular DNA genome. Papillomaviruses infect the skin and mucosa of vertebrates, with ~450 human papillomavirus (HPV) types identified to date ( HPV infection can be asymptomatic, cause warts, or disrupt cell growth. On rare occasions, the cell growth becomes uncontrolled, causing cancer. About 5% of cancers worldwide are caused by Human Papillomavirus HPV (McBride, 2021).

PaVE 3D modules provide interactive visualizations that explore key aspects of HPV structure and life cycle. Select a module from the menu to get started.

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